1614 - The Dutch made a trading post at Fort Orange. Peter Minuit, the Governor for New Netherland purchased the land from the Indians in 1626 for Dutch currency of 60 Guilders or 23.35 sterling pounds ($800 today) worth of beads, knives, etc.
-The Dutch West India Company promoted further settling in New Netherlands by offering free land to the Dutch. Other locations that they settled on include areas among Schenectady, NY, Fort Nassau and many others.
-Families who settled included the Stuvesants and the Roosevelts. Decendants of families included Martin Van Buren, Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin Roosevelt, three settelers who later became Presidents
Peter Stuyvesant- Governor in 1646
Pop. Quadrupled from two thousand to eight thousand
1664 - English arrived in New Netherlands and threatened to take over their land
Dutch surrendered and was forced to give up land.
Peter Stuyvesant wanted to fight but he had no support from the other settlers.
"Pearl Street, the oldest in the city, was then the river bank, and was often called Waterside or the Strand, but the old name has prevailed, which is said to have been given it from the abundant heaps of oyster-shells, highly prized for the excellence of their lime."
" The Village of Southampton, settled in 1640, a small group of English Puritans who set sail from Lynn, Massachusetts and landed on June 12, 1640 at what is now known as Conscience Point. It is the oldest English settlement in the state of New York and is named after the British Earl of Southampton" There is a dispute of where the first village settled, some persist it was South Hold while others say its South Hampton.
-Land is Claimed for the Duke of York, by James II, and named after Duke of York. The charter gave the Duke the right of possession, control, and government, subject only to the limitation that the government must follow the laws of England.
-Land at the time included Deleware, New Jersey, and Vermont
Late 1665 - New York and New Jersey Line split , but the border was not finalized until 1765
Dutch prevailed in 1673 when they recaptured New York and held it until the Treaty of Westminister reclaimed ownership by Duke of York in 1674.
Panza, Kenneth S. "Henry Hudson, Half Moon, and Exploration of the Hudson River." Henry Hudson
Maritime Museum. Sept. 2007. Web. 20 Feb. 2010. http://www.hrmm.org/halfmoon/halfmoon.htm.
Jude, Dianne and Don, The Hamptons, NY : Crescent Books, 1991, Pages 35-38